American Minute with Bill Federer
The Legend of Robin Hood speaks of Richard the Lionheart, so named
for his courage in leading the Third Crusade in 1190AD to win back
Jerusalem from the Muslims.
Jerusalem had been taken from Byzantine Christian and Jewish
inhabitants by Caliph Umar's bloody siege in 638AD.
Though he did not retake Jerusalem, Richard made a truce with Saladin
in 1192 AD for safe passage of religious pilgrims.
When approximately 15,000 inhabitants of Jerusalem could not afford
ransome, Saladin sold them into slavery.
On Richard's return trip to England, he was captured by rival Duke
Leopold of Austria, and spent three years in prison.
Legend has it Richard's loyal minstrel, Blondel, traveled from
kingdom to kingdom, singing Richard's favorite song and heard Richard
sing the second verse from the prison tower.
Freed by an enormous "king's ransom," Richard returned to England and
took back the throne from his brother John.
Five years later Richard died in battle and John ruled oppressively
The angry barons captured London and, on JUNE 15, 1215, surrounded
King John on the plains of Runnymeade, forcing him to sign the Magna
This was the first time in history the arbitrary powers of a king
The Magna Carta ends:
"for the salvation of our souls, and the souls of all our...heirs,
and unto the honor of God."
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