Evolution or Creation?
Which is it?
Are you struggling to find the truth?
trying to make the Bible fit in with 'millions of years' of evolution?
Read our chapter on evolution, reprinted here, and we hope it will help readers get their thoughts straight on what really happened and how we
came to be here.
It is from our latest book, 'Cults and Isms - True or False', which is available from our webshop. As with all my articles, although we have copyright, feel free to copy it* and give it to anyone who is prepared to consider
this important matter.
Once upon a time, millions and millions of years ago, there was a little bitty thing, smaller than the head of a pin.
Suddenly there was a big bang and the little thing flew in all directions.
Bits of it expanded and got very hot and became billions of stars.
Other bits were flung everywhere and became planets and moons.
Then it started to rain with lots of lightning, for millions of years, on one rocky, empty planet called Earth.
Terrible weather back then. Some primeval soup started sloshing around.
One day a little blob of slime started to crawl up out of the soup.
Before you know it, a few million more years went by and soon the whole planet was filled with an amazing variety of all sorts of intricate living creatures, including us.
That’s your story for tonight, dear; now go to sleep.
That is a particularly stupid fairy tale, I am sure you will agree.
It would not have kept my kids entertained, but it keeps massed ranks of academics happy the world over.
As for me, I outgrew fairy stories long ago.
Even before I was a Christian, as an out and out liberal totally opposed to Christianity, I did not believe in evolution.
It is just so downright dumb.
A child could see through it.
Scientists are increasingly questioning it these days, as it is not even scientific.
First of all, in nature something does not come from nothing, as indeed the First Law of Thermodynamics declares (matter and energy are constant and cannot be created or destroyed). Of course this takes no account of God, who has no problem creating something from nothing.
Then there is the Second Law of Thermodynamics, with the concept of entropy, which includes the idea that everything deteriorates over time, whereas evolution theory says that simple organisms form themselves into ever more complex and orderly arrangements.
The Second Law was so devastating for evolutionary theory that they are now changing the concept of entropy to fit in with evolution, claiming that order comes from disorder.
Animals do not turn into other animals, no matter how much time you give them.
It doesn’t happen; it never happened; it is impossible.
That is why there are no transitional fossils.
Selective breeding, yes, that is scientific fact obviously, but that is not evolution.
Selective breeding uses the genetic information that exists and selects for certain traits.
In evolution, new information is assumed to be added, but there is no mechanism in our cells to add information to DNA.
So they have a problem.
Species mutating into other species?
Don’t be ridiculous!
That is science fiction, and third rate science fiction at that.
Darwin was convinced that one species could gradually change into another, but he was a Victorian.
He lived before knowledge exploded and scientists found out more about how nature really operates.
Darwin had no electron microscope, and had never heard of DNA.
One nucleus of one cell is far more complicated than the entire electrical system of the space shuttle.
Darwin was ignorant of the incredible complexity of our biology.
The more scientists find out, the more they realize there is to find out.
Our DNA, the double helix in each cell of our body, replicates itself when the cell splits.
It is a code, a language, an information system which determines our characteristics.
There is no mechanism for adding new information, but information can be damaged or lost.
So if, when we are forming in our mother’s womb, we have DNA coded for two arms, we get two arms.
If that code gets jumbled or changed, we are in trouble.
Mutations can be harmless, but they are never good news.
Evolutionists cannot come up with one example of a good mutation.
Yet the theory of evolution is built on the supposition that over a long enough period of time, there would be mutations changing one species into another, always adding information, always increasing in complexity and advancing to more and better life forms.
It just does not happen and it did not happen. I wonder what an evolutionist would do if he learned that the baby in his wife’s womb had a mutation in its genes.
I think he would be panicking like mad, trying to find out if the baby was badly damaged.
He would not be rejoicing that the race was making a great leap forward.
Evolutionists point to the “record of the rocks,” the millions of fossils, but the “record” doesn’t exist.
The fossils do not show creatures gradually changing into new species.
They show that each species was just there, fully formed and perfect, with no incremental, slow changes and no “halfway” creatures.
The witty creationist Dr. Kent Hovind was speaking at a conference which we attended in Pennsylvania in 2002. He told us that at one debate at an American college, an academic had said:
“How can you expect us to believe that 270 (or however many) breeds of dogs all came from just one pair of dogs that came out of the Ark?”
Dr. Hovind replied:
“You have a bigger problem than I have, because you believe that 270 breeds of dogs came from a rock.”
“We don’t say that at all,” objected the academic.
“Oh, yes, you do,” said Dr. Hovind, and he took them through the standard evolutionist’s creed:
big bang, millions of years, rain falling on rocks, primeval soup forming, slimy critter crawling out, millions more years, bingo – dogs from rocks!
The academic slunk off to drown his sorrows in some primeval soup.
It just didn’t happen that way, my friends.
What did happen is that in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth, just as He says in Genesis Chapter 1.
Why is that so hard to believe?
It makes a whole lot more sense than evolution.
We do not have to apologise for believing what God says in His book.
He did not make a mistake on the first page.
The Creator knows how, when, where and why He made the first man and woman.
We can rely absolutely on His word for what He did.
It is the evolutionists who have the problem, not us.
No matter how many millions of years we paddle around in the sea, we are not going to grow any gills.
And no matter how long we and our descendents might try flapping our arms, we are not going to sprout wings and fly.
And if some unfortunate baby were to be born with feathers instead of arms, what a sad day, what a river of tears, what frantic searching for the best surgeon money can buy.
Fortunately that will never happen, because our DNA does not contain the information needed for feathers to form, and there is no way nature can add information to our genes.
Our genes can lose information, but not gain it.
The fact that scientists today are messing with genetics and “creating” monstrosities does not prove evolution; it proves that men are yet again spitting in the face of God.
There’s only one Creator and if you try to assume His role, it is going to bounce right back on you.
God will not tolerate it for much longer.
Some evolutionists have outdone themselves when it comes to dinosaurs, theorising that the dinos could have evolved into birds.
Stands to reason, doesn’t it?
They couldn’t hack it as big guys, so maybe they started hunching down a little more each generation.
And their scales (if they had scales) just started evolving into feathers.
It was probably kind of itchy and uncomfortable for a few billion generations, and they had to have a lot of dino discipline to diet down from the size of a 10 story building to the sparrow in my garden.
Come on, guys, you have got to be kidding!
This is the best you can come up with?
And they say we’re gullible to believe in God?
Oh, but now they say it was only the little bitty dinosaurs that turned into sparrows.
Well, that won’t wash either, I’m afraid.
Each species of animal multiplies “after his kind”, as Genesis Chapter 1 puts it.
In other words, the breeding population of each species replicates its own DNA in its offspring and each breeding population grows after that particular “kind”, just as Genesis Chapter 1 indicates.
This entirely agrees with real science.
Our daughter came home from college one day saying that the biology students had come out of their class laughing.
Someone asked them what was so funny.
Evolution, they said.
That day’s class had been on evolution and they were all arguing against it and laughing at how stupid it appeared in the light of all they knew.
These were not Christian students, far from it, but they had seen through the tissue of lies.
They knew the emperor had no clothes on, and they were bold enough to say so!
I wonder if they will be so brave and willing to stand up for truth if their jobs some day depend on whether or not they teach the lie of evolution?
What about the Great Flood?
Truth or fiction?
Dr Farid Abou-Rahme, a consultant civil engineer who lives in Woking, Surrey, England, gave a convincing seminar at Surrey University on the subject of the Flood.
Get his book And God Said…
or, even better, invite him to speak.
He does a series of seminars on creation, science, the Flood, and Noah’s Ark, with a Powerpoint presentation, and his book has been translated into many languages.
The Flood makes sense of the world about us.
Next time you take a trip, be on the lookout for evidence of the Flood.
It is amazing what you see if you look, even if, like us, you have no specialized knowledge.
On the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England, for example, there is a place called Alum Bay, famous for its colored sand (see our picture pages).
The sandy cliffs are an amazing sight after a rainfall, when the colors stand out much more clearly.
There is ochre, pink, gray, black, and yellow in great swatches, looking like God just painted a huge abstract mural.
When we were there a few years back, the cliffs were behind a makeshift
A sign warned tourists not to touch the fragile cliffs, because they are eroding.
Funny, I would have thought that all those millions of years and all that rain falling would have long ago have put paid to the crumbly cliffs, but no, somehow those delicate structures still stand. Ain’t evolution wonderful?
No, seriously, those beautiful cliffs have not been around for millions of years.
They have stood resplendent since they were formed at the time of Noah’s Flood, in about 4500BC.
If you walk along the beach at the foot of those wonderful cliffs, you will see lots of chunks of the colored mineral sands which constantly break off and roll down on to the beach.
We’re not sure if you’re allowed to pick them up these days, or if “Mother Earth” would be offended and some court would slap a fine on you.
A shop there sells containers of the sand, layered in multi-colored stripes.
We have one to show anyone who is interested in God’s incredible creation.
It is a souvenir of Noah’s Flood.
If any reader happens to be going to Alum Bay, there is another interesting sight to see nearby.
We walked up the road past the old fort and looked at the brilliant white chalk cliffs in the distance.
They contain neat horizontal rows of dark spots which we could make out through the binoculars.
I wondered if they could be chunks of flint laid neatly in layers as each tide swept in, depositing new material during the Flood.
There are similar formations along the A3 highway in England, white cliffs with lines of black dots running through them.
They are certainly all leftovers from the Flood.
We saw the same phenomenon in northern Israel, just by the border with Lebanon, at a place called Rosh Ha Nikra.
There we were able to get close enough to touch the cliffs and take photos.
The stunning white cliffs look in places like they were just extruded from a giant mixer, and there, arranged neatly in rows, were the same horizontal lines of black rocks.
I just laughed with delight when I saw them.
To me they are like a billboard from God that says something like:
“Look, guys, here is some more proof; I’ll put it in black and white so you can’t miss it this time.”
It is just so obvious that the cliffs were made as the Flood mixed and blended earth and water, sand and sea creatures, all of it in a gigantic swirling blend that slopped around with each tidal movement, and sloshed over when dry land started appearing.
With each tide, a great mass of material would be swept around and deposited, and the heavier rocks would have sunk to the bottom, forming those neat rows.
Then another tide comes in and deposits another load of material on top of yesterday’s deposit.
Once again, the black heavy rocks sink to the bottom of that day’s sandy deposit, and another row of black dots stretches out along the coast.
Those black dots are like Morse code and the translation is:
“Here is more proof; the Flood was real; the Bible is true history; just open your eyes and use your noodle for a change.”
Next time you go on vacation somewhere, watch for cliffs and rocks, look at how the land is formed; see if you can find some new Flood evidence.
I think God loves it when we do this.
It gives Him glory when you believe what He has written about the history of earth, His special planet.
By the way, did you ever stop to think that the word “pre-historic” is itself a lie?
There is no such thing as pre-history.
God tells us the history of the whole universe, from Day One, or as much as He cares to divulge at this time.
As Dave Hunt points out, we know its history - who made it (God) and how He made it (with words, by speaking) and even why (God so loved…).
He made it even though He knew what we would be like and all that would happen, but He loved it anyway, and He loves us anyway.
Also, Adam might well have been able to write, so forget the pre-history fairy tale.
Apart from the Lord Jesus, he must have been the smartest man who ever lived, not some grunting caveman.
He named every animal, and I am told that the Hebrew names actually describe the animals. The evolutionists think that with survival of the fittest, we are evolving into supermen and women.
Upwards and onwards!
The reverse is true - we have been going downhill ever since Adam sinned.
People were much smarter then, with better genes.
But over about six thousand years there have been so many damaging mutations that the race is sliding down a slippery slope.
The mutations are destroying us, not “evolving” us into a superspecies.
Science now knows that Adam existed.
A National Geographic Special, “DNA Mysteries:
The Search for Adam,” was aired in Britain in 2006.
It followed the research of geneticist Spencer Wells.
Wells was researching the Y chromosome, which only men have.
It is passed from father to son.
Following the track of particular mutations on the Y chromosome, Wells traced back to “super ancestors” who left their genetic imprint on huge numbers of men.
These “super ancestors” were men like Genghis Khan, believed to have millions of descendents.
Wells found that DNA samples of men around the world led back to various branches of “super ancestors” and that he was able to backtrack all the way to a single ancestor, one man whose particular mutation of the Y chromosome is found in every man alive today.
He called this man “scientific Adam” and his research showed that he probably lived in east Africa 60,000 years ago.
This program is absolutely fascinating; it is wonderful to see how true science points us to the Bible, not to Darwin.
But evolution is still true, you might say, because we are getting smarter all the time and we know so much more now.
We know more because God has allowed knowledge to increase.
The book of the prophet Daniel states in Chapter 12 verse 4:
“But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end:
many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.”
This mainly refers to people in the last days trying to understand Bible prophecy, but it is a great definition of modern life – we constantly run to and fro and knowledge has increased.
We are not getting smarter, but God has allowed us to have greater knowledge.
Knowledge puffs up, and it certainly has puffed us up; we think we are really something.
Apart from God’s grace, we are nothing. We could not draw one more breath unless He allowed it.
As for cavemen, isn’t it interesting that when the coming Great Tribulation devastates the earth, the great men (and women) end up hiding in caves and praying for the rocks to fall on them?
God’s little irony, perhaps.
One of the wonders of creation that strikes me as proof positive of the existence of God is the phenomenon of the total eclipse of the sun.
This happens when the moon completely covers the sun.
For a few moments the earth is darkened, and the sun is just a thin fiery circle round the edges of the dark moon.
The fact that this can happen ever, at all, is completely incredible.
When you think of the vast distances involved – 270,000 miles to the moon, 93 million miles to the sun – with our earth swinging round the sun, and the moon swinging round our earth, and, lo and behold, at certain times the moon is in exactly the right spot to completely cover the sun.
And not only that, but it is exactly the right size to blot out the entire sun! Not one centimetre too big; not one centimetre too small; just the right size. If anyone could ever work out the probability of such a celestial event EVER happening, I would think the number would be greater than the universe itself.
It is SO unlikely, so totally impossible that this should EVER take place!
Yet it does.
Once again, the heavens declare the glory of God!
We must make sure our children not only know the truth about creation, but that they are able to refute the lie of evolution.
The evidence for creation is here - the incredibly intricate, perfect design of every creature, created by a Being who is infinitely more intelligent than we are.
The evolutionists say it all came about by chance.
Oh yeah, sure. Maybe those guys really did come from monkeys, because an intelligent man made in God’s image could hardly believe such nonsense.
It is just not reasonable.
Take heart, folks. We do not have to apologize for believing Genesis literally; it makes perfect sense.
You would think that the scientists would have chucked Darwin and Co into a black hole by now, but no. A lot of them must know the truth, but they are not about to admit it.
It might cost them their jobs, for a start.
Also, the research grants would dry up, possibly for millions of years.
They surely had a wake up call when Mt St Helen’s blew its top.
I hope it blew some sense into some craniums, for it was like a science demonstration on a mega scale orchestrated by God to show everyone just exactly what power there is in His hand and what one explosion can do.
I marvelled at one of the pictures in Creation magazine showing a man standing in front of a cliff about 200 feet high, full of strata lines of the sort we are told took millions of years to be laid down – all formed in one afternoon when Mt St Helen’s burped.
I showed this awesome piece of evidence to a geography teacher. He was not impressed!
Didn’t I tell you we were going downhill?
He must be one of those beings who descended from apes.
The science programs on British TV in recent years have been most interesting.
One posed the question:
“Where is the missing 96% of the universe?”
Apparently it is now known that the universe should actually all fly apart, because there is not enough matter to provide the gravity to hold it all together.
So they now have decided that there is about 75 % dark energy and about 20% dark matter.
We can’t see, feel, hear or touch any of this hypothetical dark stuff, but they believe it’s out there holding us all together.
Then again, those guys could turn to Hebrews 1:3 and find out the truth, that the Lord Jesus is “upholding all things by the word of His power…”
How amazing that the Lord had those words inserted in His book.
He knew they would be needed in our day.
Another British program featured leading evolutionists and broadcasters giving dire warnings of a terrible danger facing our society, a danger so great that it could plunge us right back in the Dark Ages, causing the end of our civilization.
The awful looming catastrophe is that some educators and scientists are actually talking seriously about the concept of Intelligent Design.
The next thing you know, they’ll be believing in creation!
The advice given in this program was:
under no circumstances should scientists ever agree to a public debate on the question of Intelligent Design.
This was their advice – don’t debate!
They are running scared, folks.
They won’t debate because they know they can’t win.
We had a term for this when I was growing up – scaredy cat.
They have evolved into a bunch of scaredy cats!
One last point – bacteria.
Evolutionists say that bacteria mutate quickly and that proves evolution.
Please refer to the work of Dr Jonathan Sarfati on the Creation Ministries International website (creation.com), particularly his article “Anthrax and antibiotics:
Is evolution relevant?”
Thank God for experts like Dr Sarfati who not only know that the Bible is true, but can back it up with science.
I could go on and on about this, but there is a ton of information out there which is readily available.
We get Creation magazine, which is excellent, and there is a more technical version of it for science buffs.
Please subscribe, and get an extra subscription to lend or give away. It is full of readable articles, brilliant photos and graphics and lots of items for children and teens.
We urge parents to get Creation magazine (www.creation.com ) for their children, or for the Sunday School.
Our daughter at one stage got her school to put a copy in the library.
We have occasionally left copies at the doctor’s office.
Give a subscription to someone for Christmas or their birthday.
What a great gift - the truth – there is nothing like it to fill your heart with joy.
If you are in Britain, there is also a permanent creation exhibition in a building on the seafront at Portsmouth, Hampshire. Called Genesis Expo, it is at 17 The Hard, and admission is free.
Some of the fossils for sale there come from the beach at Charmouth in Dorset.
We once spent a happy few hours fossil hunting at Charmouth and our daughter Annie came away with a great ammonite – one of her souvenirs of Noah’s Flood (see her ammonite on our picture pages).
And just think – if you are a believer in the Lord Jesus, one day you will meet that wonderful man Noah, our distant relation.
And rest assured – he was not descended from a monkey!
Our Table of Truth is below:
|About 15 billion years ago, there was a point smaller than the head of a pin which contained all the matter and energy of the entire universe.
It suddenly expanded, changing from a tiny spot to all the stuff of the universe, expanding outwards at great speed.
This is known as the Big Bang.
|In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Genesis 1:1The Hebrew word bara (created) means created from nothing.
God created everything from nothing.
|You cannot possibly prove the existence of God.
||“The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork.
Psalm 19:1Nature itself, God’s creation, is a proof of His existence.
Did your car put itself together?
Did your house build itself?
No, nor did the universe just happen to spring into existence.
The order in nature speaks clearly of a master Designer.
It took millions of years for all the gas of the Big Bang to coalesce and form planets etc.
“And the evening and the morning were the first day.” Genesis 1:1
Day in Hebrew is yom and when it is preceded by a number it always means a 24 hour period.
The context also proves that it is a literal 24 hours – “evening and morning”.
|Man is just an animal.
||“And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion…over all the earth.” Genesis 1:26Man is made in the image and likeness of God.
|Millions of years ago our ancestors were swinging through the trees…
||“And God said…have dominion …over every living thing that moves upon the earth.” Genesis 1:28The first man did not swing in the trees; he had dominion over things that swing in trees.
|Man is just an accident of time and chance.
||“…for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are Thy works…” Psalm 139:14
|One species can evolve into something quite different.
||“And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind…and it was so.” Genesis 1:24
An ant cannot evolve into an elephant, a dog into a bear etc.
Our knowledge of DNA confirms this.
Everything reproduces after its kind.
Darwin and the other Victorians
did not know enough!
|Life somehow came from non-living matter – from the rocks and gas that came out of the Big Bang. (This goes against the Law of Biogenesis in biology which states that life arises from life; it cannot come from non-living material. This basic law of biology was proven in 1864 by Louis Pasteur, but is discarded by anyone who believes in the Big Bang.)
“God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.”
|The earth was formed from a solar cloud consisting mainly of hydrogen. Under gravitation the cloud condensed and shrank to form the planets orbiting around the sun. The first rocks formed over 3500 million years ago.
||“He stretches out the north over the empty place, and hangs the earth upon nothing.”
Book of Job 26:7 (written about 2000 B.C., the oldest book in the Bible.)
|Nothing was made by God.
||“And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven…saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgement is come: and worship Him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.” Book of Revelation 14:7
|There is no God.
||“The fool says in his heart, ‘There is no god.’ ” Psalm 14:1 and Psalm 53:1
|Despite the evidence of intricate design in everything, there is no Designer; it all just developed over long periods of time.
||“Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men…” Colossians 2:8
Although the Bible is not a scientific textbook, where it does mention scientific facts, it is 100% accurate.
It has revealed many things that were unknown until modern times.
- Existence of land dinosaurs.
“Behemoth…he eats grass as an ox; he moves his tail like a cedar…his bones are like bars of iron…he is the chief of the ways of God…he lies in the coverts of the reed, and fens…the shady trees cover him with their shadow; the willows of the brook compass him about…he drinks up a river…”
From the Book of Job, Chapter 40, verse 15 to end, the oldest book in the Bible, written about 2000 B.C.
This was thought to be an elephant until fossilized dinosaur bones were discovered.
- Existence of sea dinosaurs.
Leviathan, “None is so fierce that dare stir him up,… he makes the deep to boil like a pot…upon earth there is not his like…” Book of Job.
The whole of Chapter 41 contains the detailed description of this monster of the sea.
- Continental drift and plate tectonics.
“…the name of one was Peleg (meaning division); for in his days was the earth divided…”
Genesis 10:25. Written by Moses in about 1400 B.C.
The theory that the earth had once been one land mass surrounded by water was not accepted by science until the 20th century.
I remember articles in the better newspapers in England in the 1970s trying to prove that the continents had once been joined together.
- The hydrologic (water) cycle. “…the drops of water…pour down rain according to the vapour…which the clouds do drop and distil…” Job 36:27,28.
“All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full, unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.” Ecclesiastes 1:7, written by King Solomon in about 900 B.C.
- Global air movement.
“The wind goes toward the south, and turns about to the north; it whirls about continually, and the wind returns again according to his circuits.”
Ecclesiastes 1:6,7, written by King Solomon in about 900 B.C.
- The earth is round.
“…upon the circle of the earth.”
Isaiah 40:22, written about 760.
- The earth is suspended in space.
“He stretches out the north over the empty place, and hangs the earth upon nothing.”
Job 26:7 (written about 2000 B.C., the oldest book in the Bible). Hindus, on the other hand, believed the earth was held up by four elephants standing on turtles.
- The earth was made from things invisible.
- Even time had a beginning.
“…evening and morning were the first day.” Genesis 1:5
- An expanding universe.
“ which alone spreads out the heavens…” Job 9:8, written about 2000 B.C.; “who stretches out the heavens like a curtain.” Psalm 102:4 (written about 1000 B.C.)“It is he that…stretches out the heavens as a curtain…”
Isaiah 40:22; and “…the Lord thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth…” Isaiah 51:13 (written about 700 B.C.)
- Mankind came from one man and one woman.
This has now been verified by extensive worldwide DNA tests.
The tests show that all men share one particular gene on the Y chromosome, proving they are all descended from one particular man.
In the case of women, tests show we are all descended from one particular woman, whom some call “Mitochondrial Eve.”
- It is impossible to count the stars.
“As the host of heaven cannot be numbered…” Jeremiah 33:22, written about 600 B.C.; but God knows how many, because:
“He tells the number of the stars; He calls them all by their names.” Psalm 147:4.
People thought they could count the stars at one time, but God knew we would never be able to, and now the scientists know it too.
An article in the London Daily Telegraph (July 23, 2003) estimated that there are ten times more stars in the night sky than grains of sand in the world’s deserts and beaches – too many even for the most advanced computers to count.
- Paths through the sea.
“… whatsoever passes through the paths of the seas.” Psalm 8, a psalm of King David written about 1000 B.C.
Our ships benefit greatly from the existence of ocean currents, including the Gulf Stream, a sort of conveyor belt crossing the Atlantic 40 miles wide and 2000 feet deep.
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copy and give to your family, friends, church etc.